Single digit CSP tariff with “Made in China”?
2017.09.12 From: CSP Focus
deep visit to China CSP projects and leading value chain companies
The recent CSP biddings in Dubai and Australia refreshed the record-low price for solar CSP projects. Dubai 200MW tower CSP project received the lowest bidding from ACWA consortium with USD 9.45 cents/kWh, and SolarReserve won the bid of 150MW CSP tower project in South Australia with the price of USD 6 cents/kWh.
Both of the CSP projects manifest a clear decline trend on CSP tariff, which is much faster than previous estimation from IEA and IRENA. And as the Chinese companies become more active in international CSP markets, the cost of the CSP project is supposed to be further declined, especially the cost of EPC and component supplies.
China launched the program of 1st round of 20 pilot CSP projects with the total capacity of 1.349GW earlier last September, making China one of the most promising CSP markets for global CSP players. By the end of 2020, China is planning to allocate 5 GW CSP plants, almost the double of the current world CSP capacity.
“It has been obvious for a long time that the demand for CSP was low because the costs were high, and the costs were high because demand was low. Something was needed to pull CSP out of this trap, by scaling up its use,” as Jonathan Walters, independent energy economist and former World Bank regional director in the MENA region says, “Scaling-up” is a great way to boost the cost reduction of CSP and brings it to single digit age and even go further.
What’s more, the local value chain for China concentrating solar power (CSP) industry has been getting mature through the fast development of the past decade. The local companies are able to produce almost all the key equipment and materials including receivers, molten salt, heliostats, concentrators, mechanical & hydraulic drives, control equipment for DCS, and glass reflecting mirrors. Statistics show that solar field key components like receiver tubes and reflecting mirrors could reach 1-2 GW capacity to equip the CSP plants (without TES) till 2016.
However, considering the situation that China is still at a relatively early age for CSP industry, there are several areas where the local developers and contractors, in order to ensure the success of the first round of pilot projects, would like to find cooperation with overseas experienced companies with CSP references. As surveyed by CSP Focus, the areas include:
● Project development: Feasibility Study; DNI analyst; Innovative project financing; Bid document and RFP preparation;
● EPC: Basic & Detail engineering in the solar field and HTF&TES system; EPC management; Procurement & Manufacturing inspection; On-site construction supervision; Acceptance test and Commissioning; CSP simulation system
● O&M: Mirror cleaning; Cloud forecast; Smart control system; Self-consumption and backup fuel usage optimization
● Key component: Tower receiver; Molten salt pump and valves; SGS generation system; Heat tracing and isolation; Swivel joint; tracker system
In the upcoming CSP Focus China Tour on Nov 5-14, you will have the chances to meet with the projects developers and contractors, and visit the projects under construction, so that you may have a better understanding on the cooperation opportunities with the potential clients in China. And visitings to manufacturing plants of receiver tubes, reflector mirrors, and other key components are also included during this tour, offering opportunities to witness the manufacturing capacity, quality control mechanism, testing facilities, and logistic packaging etc.
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